The human foot is a very complex structure divided into three sections containing 26 bones, 33 joints and more than 100 ligaments and muscles working together to achieve a unique flexible structure.
The three sections are:
Problems can arise in any of these specialized structures, especially with active adults.
Anyone who has experienced an injury or broken bone to their foot and ankle can attest to how painful and inconvenient it can be you can’t move the around the way you have been accustomed. The freedom of movement is something we take for granted, whether it is the foot and ankle, back or neck, or another joint until an injury causes significant pain. Diagnosing your foot and ankle pain can prove difficult due to the complex structure of the feet and ankles. Trusting Greiner Orthopedics to accurately find the lower body issues you’re experiencing and helping you to regain your strength, flexibility and durability is something you can count on.
Problems that can occur in the Foot and Ankle
When is Foot and Ankle Surgery Necessary?
Foot and ankle surgery may become necessary when non-surgical alternatives like physical therapy or pain injection shots or tendon sheath injections are ineffective. The most common reasons for foot and ankle surgery originate from various types of arthritis, broken bones, ligament tears, tendon tears or foot and ankle deformities patients may have been born with or developed over time.
Ankle/Subtalar arthroscopy is typically the go-to technique for all orthopedic surgeries, including foot and ankle procedures. The surgeon makes a small incision on the affected area and uses small surgical tools and a fiber-optic camera to view where damage must be treated. Recovery time after foot or ankle arthroscopy is about four to six weeks after completion of the surgery.
Fracture repair: Is typically done when the ankle or foot bones are broken and out of place and needs to be done to repair and put everything back in its original place. Recovery time varies for this but usually six to eight weeks after surgery.
Tendon tears repair: Sometimes the Achilles tendon or other tendons to the foot and ankle become torn from activities or wear and tear. The surgeon makes an incision over the tendon and repairs it with suture and makes it into a tube again instead of the tendon being flat and not useful. Recovery is dependent on the tendon that needs the repair.
Ligament repair: If you are having chronic ankle sprains or ankle instability this may be the best procedure for you. After we have an ankle sprain sometimes the ligaments heal in a stretched-out position and the ankle feels loose all the time or you roll your ankle a lot. What can be done is a arthroscopy procedure plus a incision over the ligaments to tighten them back up or reinforce them with suture so they do not stretch out again.
Bunions: There are a lot of different ways to fix a bunion. Bunion surgery can vary from a cut in the metatarsal bone and move it over or connecting 2 bones together and shifting the bone back where it should be, so the bunion does not return.
Total Ankle Replacement Surgery: This is done when the ankle has such bad arthritis in it that the ankle no longer can move correctly, or it is deformed and causes significant pain with day to day activities. This type of surgery is like a knee or hip replacement but at the ankle joint. The recovery for this is usually 8-12 weeks but we can get you back to walking with this type of surgery.