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Foot and Ankle

The human foot is a very complex structure divided into three sections containing 26 bones, 33 joints and more than 100 ligaments and muscles working together to achieve a unique flexible structure.

The three sections are:

  • The forefoot, comprised of five toes (phalanges) and five longer bones (metatarsals).
  • The midfoot, comprised of three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone. This section of the foot forms the arches in your feet.
  • The hindfoot is the section that includes the heel and ankle. The talus bone sits between the heal (calcaneus) and supports the leg bones (tibia and fibula). The calcaneus is the largest bone in the boot.

Problems can arise in any of these specialized structures, especially with active adults.

Anyone who has experienced an injury to their foot and ankle can attest to how painful and inconvenient it can be you can’t move the around the way you have been accustomed. The freedom of movement is something we take for granted, whether it is the foot and ankle, back or neck, or another joint until an injury causes significant pain. Diagnosing your foot and ankle pain can prove difficult due to the complex structure of the feet and ankles. Trusting Greiner Orthopedics to accurately find the lower body issues you’re experiencing and helping you to regain your strength, flexibility and durability is something you can count on.

When is Foot and Ankle Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery may become necessary when non-surgical alternatives like physical therapy or pain injection shots are ineffective. The most common reasons for foot and ankle surgery originate from various types of arthritis or deformities patients may have been born with.

Ankle arthroscopy is typically the go-to technique for all orthopedic surgeries, including foot and ankle procedures. The surgeon makes a small incision on the affected area and uses small surgical tools and a fiber-optic camera to view where damage must be treated. Recovery time after foot or ankle arthroscopy is about four to six weeks after completion of the surgery.

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